Doctors in Hubei province have successfully transplanted kidneys
from a prematurely born donor baby into a 47-year-old woman suffering from kidney failure.娱乐地图女神会所
The donor weighed only 1.3 kilograms, the lightest kidney donor ever reported, Wuhan Union Hospital said on Wednesday.
娱乐地图The woman, surnamed Wang, from Duchang county, Jiangxi province, was diagnos
ed with uremia in June last year and transplant surgery performed a month later.
Without the transplant, she would have had to rely on blood dialysis for the rest of her life.娱乐地图女神会所
The kidneys used in the surgery were from a baby born prematurely
娱乐地图, whose parents decided to donate the organs after the infant died, the hospital said.
Following a year of follow-up treatment, the baby’s kidneys, which were between 3 and 4 centimeters long when tran娱乐地图
splanted, have grown to 6.9 cm and 7.6 cm in the patient’s body, closer to the usual size of 10 cm for an adult.
娱乐地图女神会所The two kidneys are functioning normally and Wang’s health has recovered, the hospital said.
Transplant surgeries using kidneys donated by infants are
very difficult compared with kidneys donated by adults. Generally, infants that weigh less th娱乐地图
an 5 kg are not considered as sources of organs for transplant surgeries abroad, the hospital said.
娱乐地图女神会所Wang Zhendi, a transplant surgeon in the hospital and the woman’s do
ctor, said the blood vessels and ureter, a tube that carries urine from the kidney to the ur
inary bladder, are very thin in infants’ kidneys. This makes precise surgery very difficult, with higher chances of post-surgery complications. It is also more di
fficult for such kidneys to function in an adult’s body as they are not fully developed.娱乐地图
“The less the weight of the donor, the slower the kidney recovers functioning in the body where it is transplanted,” he said.
Although an adult can survive with just one kidney, usually two ki娱乐地图女神会所
dneys are transplanted from an infant to improve the chances of a healthy outcome, he said.
The success of the surgery means sources for kidney transplant surgeries can be expanded to inclu娱乐地图
de infant donors. This will ease the gap between the number of organs donated and the number of patie
娱乐地图女神会所nts with terminal kidney disease waiting for transplant surgery in China, the hospital said.
In Wuhan Union Hospital alone, more than 500 registered patients wit
h kidney failure are waiting for suitable organs for transplantation, the hospital said.
the percentage of adult smokers to 20 percent by 2030, we have a lot of work to do,” he said.
The biggest obstacle to tobacco control in China is the powerful toba
cco industry, which is one of the biggest tax contributors to the government, he said.
Despite an increasing number of cities having local regulations on tobacco control,
national legislation is still lacking, due to causes including influence from the industry, he said.
“Only a few big cities, such as Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen h
ave strict tobacco control regulations and law enforcement, but in most areas in China suc
h regulations are absent,” he said. “The prevalence of tobacco has caused serious health conseque
roductivity in the service sector, which is an important thing that China is focusing on to stabilize economic growth,” Zhu said.
Chen Yulu, a vice-governor of the PBOC, also supported a “full-scale” opening of the financial sector. In the future, foreign invest
ors are welcome to conduct all forms of financial business in China, excepting those being named on a neg
ative list, and authorities are researching a new regulatory system, Chen said at the forum on Saturday.
Li Daokui, director of the Academic Center for Chinese Economic Practice and Thinking at Tsing
hua University, said China “should be more confident” in accelerating opening-up of its financial sec
tor, which will help global investors seize numerous opportunities in the Chinese market.
Domestic financial institutions are now capable of engaging in fiercer competition with global peers as their serv
ice abilities in many aspects, such as banking and insurance, have improved a lot over the past years, Li said.
?revenue collected by the US government through hefty tariffs on Chinese imports, has been paid almost entirely by US importers.
“Some of these tariffs have been passed on to US consumers, such as those on washing machines, wh
ile others have been absorbed by importing firms through lower profit margins,” the research said.
Any further increase in tariffs will likely be passed through to consumers, it said.
China and the US, the world’s two largest economies, have been embroi
led in a tit-for-tat trade confrontation over the past few months. Washington threatened to fur
ther escalate a tariff war and increased tensions by tightening restrictions on Chinese companies.
Earlier this month, the US raised tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese imports from 10 percent to 25 percent, and China took coun
termeasures. Then the US administration listed about $300 billion more of Chinese goods for possible tariff hikes.